Professor Llewelyn Hughes

Crawford School of Public Policy

I am a social scientist researching the low carbon energy transition. I am currently a Professor at the Crawford School of Public PolicyAustralian National University, where I sit on the steering committee of the Zero-Carbon Energy for the Asia-Pacific initiative. From 2018 to 2021 I served as Associate Dean for Research in the ANU's College of Asia and the Pacific.

I am particularly interested in analysing how governments balance the goal of creating competitive advantage with the need to respond effectively to climate change, using a global supply chain perspective. I have also spent some time working on the fossil fuel sector, notably crude oil.

I currently serve on the Editorial Board for Organizational Response to Climate Change: Business, Governments, and Nonprofits series, Cambridge University Press (2021-), and Studies in Comparative Energy and Environmental Politics series, Oxford University Press (2017- ). I am also Associate Editor for the Japanese Journal of Political Science (2018-).

Most of the research I have been involved in is available for download from my website at, or from ResearchGate. You can find also me on LinkedIn, or feel free to drop me an email.


Llewelyn Hughes, Globalizing Oil: Firms and Oil Market Governance in France, Japan, and the United States(Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press - Business and Public Policy Series, 2014), pp. 265. Paperback 2016.

Academic papers and book chapters:


Ian Cronshaw, Quentin Grafton, and Llewelyn Hughes, “Increasing the Use of Natural Gas in the Asia-Pacific Region,” Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) Discussion Paper. Available at:

Llewelyn Hughes and Rainer Quitzow, “Low-Carbon Technologies, National Innovation Systems, and Global Production Networks: The State of Play,” in Andreas Goldthau, Caroline Kuzemko and Michael Keating (eds.) Handbook on the IPE of Energy and Resources. Forthcoming.

Jonas Meckling and Llewelyn Hughes, “Green Protectionism: Global Supply Chains and Business Power in Renewable Energy,” New Political Economy (2017). Forthcoming.

Llewelyn Hughes and Jonas Meckling, “The Politics of Renewable Energy Trade: The US-China Solar Dispute,” Energy Policy, Vol. 105 (2017), 256-262.

Jonas Meckling and Llewelyn Hughes, “Globalizing Solar: Industry Specialization and Firm Demands for Trade Protection,” International Studies Quarterly (2017). (published online 10 May 2017)


David Konisky, Llewelyn Hughes, and Charles Kaylor, “Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Concern,” Climatic Change, Vol. 134, No. 4 (2016), 533-547.

Llewelyn Hughes and Eugene Gholz, “Energy, Coercive Diplomacy and Sanctions,” in Thijs Van de Graaf (eds.) Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy (London: Palgrave, 2016), 487-504.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Renegotiating Japan’s Energy Compact,” in Carol Hager and Cristoph Stefes (eds.) Germany’s Energy Transition: A Comparative Perspective (London: Palgrave, 2016), 165-184.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Japan: Dominated by Fukushima and Tackling Hard Problems in Decarbonisation” in Sybille Röhrkasten, Sonja Thielges, Rainer Quitzow (eds.), The G20’s Potential for Advancing a Global Transition Towards Sustainable Energy, Institute of Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam, Berlin, 145-50.

David Konisky, Llewelyn Hughes, and Charles Kaylor “Will Extreme Weather Events Get Americans to Act on Climate Change?” (with ). The Conversation February 5, 2016. Available at:

Llewelyn Hughes and Crystal Prior, “Domestic Interests and “Strategic Benefits” in Australia-Japan Submarine Deal,” (with Crystal Pryor) Center for International Studies (CSIS) Pacific Forum No 11, January 27, 2016. Available at:


Llewelyn Hughes and Johannes Urpelainen, “Interests, Institutions, and Climate Policy: Explaining the Choice of Policy Instruments for the Energy Sector,” Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 54 (2015), 52-63.

Llewelyn Hughes and Austin Long, “Is There An Oil Weapon? National Security Implications of Changes in the Structure of the International Oil Market,” International Security (Winter-Spring 2014/2015). Forthcoming.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Japan’s Energy Conundrum,” in Robert Pekkanen, Steven R. Reed, and Ethan Scheiner (eds.), Japan Decides 2014: The Japanese General Election (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), 199-210.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Japan’s Public-Private Regime in Energy Security,” in Bo Kong and Jae H. Ku (eds.), Regime Formation in Northeast Asia: the Past, Present, and Prospect of Regional Energy Security Cooperation (London: Routledge, 2015), 62-85.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Why Japan Deserves Some Praise on Climate,” Center for International Studies (CSIS) Japan Chair Platform, June 19, 2015. Available at: (Republished in the East Asia Forum).

Llewelyn Hughes and Jonas Meckling, “Free Trade for Green Trade: To Support Clean Power, Open Up Trade In Green Technology,”, August 4, 2015. Available at:

Llewelyn Hughes and Austin Long, “Reconceptualizing the Link between Energy and Security,” September 6, 2015. Available at: (Republished at Brookings Middle East Politics and Policy)

Llewelyn Hughes, “Abe and Japan’s Energy Conundrum,” East Asia Forum, March 6, 2015. Available at:


Llewelyn Hughes, “The Limits of Energy Independence: Assessing the Implications of Oil Abundance for US Foreign Policy,” Energy Policy and the Social Sciences Vol. 1, No. 3 (2014), pp. 55-64.

Llewelyn Hughes, Jeffry Lantis and Mireya Solis, “The Life Cycle of International Regimes,” Journal of International Organizations Studies Vol. 5, No. 2 (2014), pp. 85-115.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Don’t Panic! China and the Second Energy Revolution,” Book Roundtable for Elizabeth Economy and Michael Levi, By All Means Necessary: How China’s Resource Quest is Changing the World(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), in Asia Policy (July 2014), pp. 162-165.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Energy and Environmental Security, and the Role of Okinawa,” in Akikazu Hashimoto, Mike Mochizuki, and Kurayoshi Takara (eds.), The Okinawa Question: Futenma, the US-Japan Alliance, and Regional Security (Washington DC: Sigur Center for Asian Studies, 2014), pp. 103-110.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Black Gold: What Does Oil Abundance Mean for the United States and its Foreign Policy?” Advance December 2014, 33-35.


Llewelyn Hughes and Phillip Lipscy, “The Politics of Energy,” Annual Review of Political Science Vol. 16 (2013), pp. 449-469.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Japan’s Radical Incrementalism in Energy,” Center for International Studies (CSIS) Japan Chair Platform, May 2013.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Promoting Standards Harmonization in the Fight Against Climate Change,” Asia-Pacific Bulletin, East-West Center, April 2013.


Llewelyn Hughes, “Climate Converts: Institutional Redeployment and Public Investment in Energy in Japan,” Journal of East Asian Studies Vol. 12, No.1 (2012), pp. 89-118.

Llewelyn Hughes, “Exploring Regional Regimes for Climate Change,” Japan Economic Forum Spotlight, March/April 2012.


Llewelyn Hughes, “Resource Nationalism in the Asia-Pacific: Why Does it Matter?” National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) Special Report #31 (2011), pp. 7-14.


Llewelyn Hughes, “Review: Unequal Allies? United States Security and Alliance Policy Toward Japan 1945-1960, by John Swenson-Wright,” in Journal of East Asian Studies, Vol. 8, No. 2 (2008), pp. 337-339.


Llewelyn Hughes, “Why Japan Won’t Go Nuclear (yet) – an Examination of the Domestic and International Constraints on the Nuclearization of Japan,” International Security Vol. 31, No. 4 (2007), pp. 67-96.