# Professor Matthew Hole

## Contacts

Matthew Hole holds degrees in Physics, Mathematics and Electrical Engineering, and completed a PhD on plasma physics at the University of Sydney. He has worked for the UK Chulham Centre for Fusion Energy on an innovative spherical tokamak concept, as well as in the field of space plasma physics in the School of Physics at the University of Sydney.

Matthew, an ARC Future Fellow, is the Leader of the Plasma Theory and Modelling in Plasma Research Laboratory at the ANU. Group research includes the physics of burning plasmas, integrated modelling using Bayesian probability theory, and the development of MHD models to describe magnetic fields in fully three dimensional geometry.

Matthew is also the inaugural Chair of the Australian ITER Forum (www.ainse.edu.au/fusion), a growing consortium of over 140 scientists and engineers drawn from universities, government research laboratories, private industry and the general public. The Forum seeks to promote the science of fusion energy through advocacy of Australian involvement in the world's largest science project: the next step fusion energy experiment, ITER.

### Research interests

Prof. Hole is an expert in the physics basis of toroidal confinement fusion, their underpinning mathematical models and their (typically computational) solution, modelling of stochastic systems, Bayesian inference, the design of high frequency magnetic diagnostics, and the detailed modelling of low temperature cylindrical plasmas. His current focus of research is mathematical modelling of toroidal confinement configurations (equilibrium), their stability, and energetic particle physics.

### Groups

- Leader, Fusion power

- Wright, A, Ferraro, N, Hudson, S et al. 2021, 'Predicting nonresonant pressure-driven MHD modes in equilibria with low magnetic shear', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 28, no. 1.
- Bowie, C & Hole, M 2020, 'Sandpile modelling of dual location fuelling in fusion plasmas', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 62, no. 5.
- Hezaveh Hesar Maskan, H, Qu, Z, Breizman, B et al. 2020, 'Long range frequency chirping of Alfven eigenmodes', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 60, no. 5.
- Bowie, C & Hole, M 2020, 'Behaviour of multiple discrete waiting times between mass loss events in a sandpile model', Plasma Research Express, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 1-7.
- Bowie, C & Hole, M 2020, 'Sandpile modeling of pellet pacing in fusion plasmas', Physical Review E, vol. 101, no. 1.
- Hole, M, Qu, Z, Layden, B et al 2019, 'Bursting toroidal Alfven eigenmodes in KSTAR plasmas', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 1-9.
- Bowie, C & Hole, M 2018, 'Pedestals and feedback in fusion-plasma relevant sandpile models', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 1-10pp.
- Johnston, A, Hole, M, Qu, Z et al 2018, 'The effect of pressure anisotropy on ballooning modes in tokamak plasmas', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1-8.
- Qu, Z, Hole, M & Fitzgerald, M 2017, 'Linear radial structure of reactive energetic geodesic acoustic modes', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 055018 (15pp).
- Hezaveh Hesar Maskan, H, Qu, Z, Layden, B et al 2017, 'Impact of energetic particle orbits on long range frequency chirping of BGK modes', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 1-15.
- Hole, M, Blackwell, B, Bowden, G et al. 2017, 'Global Alfvï¿½n eigenmodes in the H-1 heliac', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 12pp.
- Wright, A, Qu, Z, Caneses, J et al 2017, 'An experimentally constrained MHD model for a collisional, rotating plasma column', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 1-11pp.
- Dewar, R L, Tuen, L H & Hole, M J 2017, 'The spectrum of multi-region-relaxed magnetohydrodynamic modes in topologically toroidal geometry', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 044009-1--17. doi:10.1088/1361-6587/aa5b53
- Layden, B, Qu, Z, Fitzgerald, M et al 2016, 'Impact of pressure anisotropy on magnetic configuration and stability', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 10pp..
- Qu, Z, Hole, M & Fitzgerald, M 2016, 'Energetic Geodesic Acoustic Modes Associated with Two-Stream-like Instabilities in Tokamak Plasmas', Physical Review Letters, vol. 116, no. 9, pp. 95004-95004.
- Qu, Z, Hole, M & Fitzgerald, M 2016, 'Energetic Geodesic Acoustic Modes Associated with Two-Stream-like Instabilities in Tokamak Plasmas', Physical Review Letters, vol. 116, no. 9, pp. 95004-95004.
- Hole, M, Dendy, R & Bowie, C 2016, 'Delay time embedding of mass loss avalanches in a fusion plasma-oriented sandpile model', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. -.
- Bowden, G & Hole, M 2015, 'A singular finite element technique for calculating continuum damping of AlfvÃ©n eigenmodes', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 022116/1-8.
- Fitzgerald, M, Hole, M & Qu, Z 2015, 'MHD normal mode analysis with equilibrium pressure anisotropy', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 1-11.
- Hole, M & Corr, C 2015, 'Fusion Power and Nanoscience Challenges for Extreme Materials', in Thomas Alured Faunce (ed.),
*Nanotechnology Toward the Sustainocene*, Pan Stanford Publishing, Singapore, pp. 215-238. - Haskey, S, Blackwell, B, Nuhrenberg, C et al 2015, 'Experiment-theory comparison for low frequency BAE modes in the strongly shaped H-1NF stellarator', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 1-12.
- Bowden, G, Hole, M & Konies, A 2015, 'Calculation of continuum damping of Alfven eigenmodes in tokamak and stellarator equilibria', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1-10.
- Qu, Z, Hole, M & Fitzgerald, M 2015, 'Modeling the effect of anisotropic pressure on tokamak plasmas normal modes and continuum using fluid approaches', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 57, no. 9, p. 13.
- Layden, B, Hole, M & Ridden-Harper, R 2015, 'High-beta equilibria in tokamaks with pressure anisotropy and toroidal flow', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 1-10.
- Dennis, G, Hudson, A & Hole, M 2014, 'Modeling the Single-Helical Axis State in the Reversed-Field Pinch', IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 2514-2515.
- von Nessi Jr., G, Hole, M & MAST Team, T 2014, 'Recent developments in Bayesian inference of tokamak plasma equilibria and high-dimensional stochastic quadratures', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 114011/ 1-13.
- Dennis, G, Hudson, A, Dewar, R et al. 2014, 'Multi-region relaxed magnetohydrodynamics with anisotropy and flow', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 072512/ 1-10.
- Dennis, G, Hudson, A, Dewar, R et al. 2014, 'Multi-region relaxed magnetohydrodynamics with flow', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 21, no. 4, p. 9.
- Hole, M & Fitzgerald, M 2014, 'Resolving the wave-particle-plasma interaction: advances in the diagnosis, interpretation and self-consistent modelling of waves, particles and the plasma configuration', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 053001/1-21.
- Qu, Z, Fitzgerald, M & Hole, M 2014, 'Analysing the impact of anisotropy pressure on tokamak equilibria', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 1-10.
- Bowden, G, Konies, A, Hole, M et al 2014, 'Comparison of methods for numerical calculation of continuum damping', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 21, no. 5, p. 052508.
- Hole, M, Ryu, C, Woo, M et al 2013, 'First evidence of AlfvÃ©n wave activity in KSTAR plasmas', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 55, no. 4, p. 7.
- Hole, M, von Nessi Jr., G, Fitzgerald, M et al 2013, 'Fast particle modifications to equilibria and resulting changes to AlfvÃ©n wave modes in tokamaks', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 1-7.
- Dennis, G, Hudson, A, Dewar, R et al. 2013, 'The infinite interface limit of multiple-region relaxed magnetohydrodynamics', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 032509/ 1-6.
- von Nessi Jr., G, Hole, M & MAST Team, T 2013, 'A unified method for inference of Tokamak equilibria and validation of force-balance models based on Bayesian analysis', Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, vol. 46, no. 18, p. 26.
- von Nessi Jr., G & Hole, M 2013, 'Using Bayesian analysis and Gaussian processes to infer electron temperature and density profiles on the Mega-Ampere Spherical Tokamak experiment', Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 84, no. 6, p. 5.
- Dennis, G, Hudson, A, Terranova, D et al. 2013, 'Minimally Constrained Model of Self-Organized Helical States in Reversed-Field Pinches', Physical Review Letters, vol. 111, no. 5, p. 055003.
- Fitzgerald, M, Appel, L & Hole, M 2013, 'EFIT tokamak equilibria with toroidal flow and anisotropic pressure using the two-temperature guiding-centre plasma', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 53, no. 11, p. 113040.
- Haskey, S, Blackwell, B, Seiwald, B et al 2013, 'A multichannel magnetic probe system for analysing magnetic fluctuations in helical axis plasmas', Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 84, no. 9.
- Meyer, H, Abel, I, Akers, R et al. 2013, 'Overview of physics results from MAST towards ITER/DEMO and the MAST Upgrade', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 53, no. 10, p. 15.
- Hole, M, Blackwell, B & Zarnstorff, M 2013, 'Selected papers from the Joint 18th International Stellarator Heliotron Workshop and the 10th Asia Pacific Plasma Theory Conference', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 55, no. 1, p. 010201.
- Chang, L, Breizman, B & Hole, M 2013, 'Gap eigenmode of radially localized helicon waves in a periodic structure', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 9.
- Hudson, A, Dewar, R, Dennis, G et al. 2012, 'Computation of multi-region relaxed magnetohydrodynamic equilibria', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 112502/1-18.
- Chang, L, Hole, M, Caneses, J et al. 2012, 'Wave modelling in a cylindrical non-uniform helicon discharge',
*39th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics 2012, EPS 2012 and the 16th International Congress on Plasma Physics*, ed. S Ratynskaya, L Blomberg, A Fasoli, European Physical Society, Stockholm Sweden, pp. 994-997. - von Nessi Jr., G, Hole, M, Svensson, J et al 2012, 'Evidence cross-validation and Bayesian inference of MAST plasma equilibria', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 19, no. 1, p. 10.
- Hudson, A, Dewar, R, Hole, M et al. 2012, 'Non-axisymmetric, multi-region relaxed magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium solutions', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 1-7.
- Bertram, J, Blackwell, B & Hole, M 2012, 'Ideal-magnetohydrodynamic theory of low-frequency Alfven waves in the H-1 Heliac', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 54, no. 5, p. 055009.
- McClements, K & Hole, M 2012, 'Toroidal ripple transport of beam ions in the mega-ampÃ¨re spherical tokamak', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 19, no. 7, p. 072514.
- Chang, L, Hole, M, Caneses, J et al. 2012, 'Wave modeling in a cylindrical non-uniform helicon discharge', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 19, no. 8, p. 083511.
- Chang, L, Hole, M & Corr, C 2011, 'A flowing plasma model to describe drift waves in a cylindrical helicon discharge', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 18, no. 4, p. 8.
- Hole, M, von Nessi Jr., G, Fitzgerald, M et al 2011, 'Identifying the impact of rotation, anisotropy, and energetic particle physics in tokamaks', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 53, no. 7, p. 11.
- Bertram, J, Hole, M, Pretty, D et al 2011, 'A reduced global Alfven eigenmodes model for Mirnov array data on the H-1NF heliac', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 53, no. 8, p. 14.
- Hole, M, von Nessi Jr., G, Svensson, J et al 2011, 'An equilibrium validation technique based on Bayesian inference', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 51, no. 10, p. 6.
- Fitzgerald, M, Sharapov, S & Hole, M 2011, 'High-Î² equilibria in tokamaks with toroidal flow', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 092508-8.
- Hole, M, McClements, K, Dennis, G et al 2010, 'The impact of energetic particles and rotation on tokamak plasmas', Journal of Physics: Conference Series(online), vol. 260, p. 012013.
- Appel, L, Hole, M, Svensson, J et al 2010, 'Bayesian Inference applied to magnetic equilibrium on MAST',
*37th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics 2010, EPS 2010*, IOP Publishing, Dublin Ireland, pp. 1146-1149. - Svensson, J, Ford, O, Werner, A et al 2010, 'Connecting physics models and diagnostic data using bayesian graphical models',
*37th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics 2010, EPS 2010*, IOP Publishing, Dublin Ireland, pp. 169-172. - McClements, K & Hole, M 2010, 'On steady poloidal and toroidal flows in tokamak plasmas',
*37th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics 2010, EPS 2010*, IOP Publishing, Dublin Ireland, pp. 1238-1241. - Hole, M 2009, Submission to the Senate Select Committee on Climate Policy.
- Hole, M, O'Connor, D, Blackwell, B et al 2008, Review of the National Innovation System: Australian ITER Forum submission.
- Hole, M 2008, Submission on the Future Fellowship Program.
- Hole, M 2008, Submission to the Australia 2020 Summit.
- Hole, M 2008, Review of the NCRIS Roadmap.
- Hole, M, O'Connor, D, Collins, G et al 2006, Australian ITER Forum Submission to the Uranium, Mining, Processing and Nuclear Energy Review.
- McClements, K & Hole, M 2010, 'On steady poloidal and toroidal flows in tokamak plasmas', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 17, no. 8, p. 082509.
- Hole, M, Wilson, H, Abeysuriya, R et al 2010, 'Ideal MHD stability of a spherical tokamak power plant and a component test facility', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 125005 (13).
- Hole, M, von Nessi Jr., G, Bertram, J et al 2010, 'Model Data Fusion: developing Bayesian inversion to constrain equilibrium and mode structure', Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research, vol. 9, pp. 479-486.
- Hole, M, von Nessi Jr., G, Pretty, D et al 2010, 'The use of Bayesian inversion to resolve plasma equilibrium', Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 81, no. 10, pp. 1E+128-1E+128.
- Meyer, H, Akers, R, Alladio, F et al 2009, 'Overview of physics results from MAST', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 49, no. 104017, p. 13.
- Hole, M, Appel, L & Martin, R 2009, 'A high resolution Mirnov array for the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak', Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 80, no. 123507, p. 10.
- Dewar, R, Mills, R & Hole, M 2009, 'MHD memes',
*Plasma theory, wave kinetics, nonlinear dynamics: Kaufmanfest 2007*, ed. IOP, Institute of Physics Publishing, USA, p. 8. - Hole, M & Dennis, G 2009, 'Energetically Resolved Multiple-Fluid Equilibria of Tokamak Plasmas', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 51, pp. 1-18.
- Mills, R, Hole, M & Dewar, R 2009, 'Magnetohydrodynamic stability of plasmas with ideal and relaxed regions', Journal of Plasma Physics, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 637-659.
- Hole, M & Appel, L 2009, 'A Modulation Model for Mode Splitting of Magnetic Pertubations in the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 1-18.
- Hole, M, Mills, R, Hudson, A et al. 2009, 'Relaxed MHD states of a multiple region plasma', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 49, no. 065019, p. 7.
- Green, B, Hole, M, Blackwell, B et al 2009, Fusion Down Under, ITER Newsline.
- Dewar, R, Hole, M, McGann, M et al. 2008, 'Relaxed Plasma Equilibria and Entropy-Related Plasma Self-Organization Principles', Entropy, vol. 10, pp. 621-634.
- Appel, L, Fulop, T, Hole, M et al 2008, 'Compressional Alfven Eigenmodes on MAST', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 50, no. 11, p. 23.
- Goodwin, M, Cheetham, A, Howard, J et al 2007, A strategy for Australian fusion science and engineering: through ITER and into the future.
- Hole, M & Appel, L 2007, 'Fourier decomposition of magnetic perturbations in toroidal plasmas using singluar value decomposition', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 49, no. 12 (December 2007), pp. 1971-1988.
- Hole, M, Austin, D, Robinson, P et al 2007, 'Laboratory Evidence for Stochastic Plasma-Wave Growth', Physical Review Letters, vol. 99, no. 20, pp. 205004 1-4.
- Hole, M, Hudson, A & Dewar, R 2007, 'Equilibria and stability in partially relaxed plasma-vacuum systems', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 746-753.
- Hudson, A, Hole, M & Dewar, R 2007, 'Eigenvalue problems for Beltrami fields arising in a three-dimensional toroidal magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium problem', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 14, pp. 052505 1-12.
- Hole, M 2007, Harnessing the untapped power of fusion for potentially limitless energy, The Canberra Times.
- Hole, M, Hudson, A & Dewar, R 2006, 'Stepped Pressure Profile Equilibria in Cylindrical Plasmas via Partial Taylor Relaxation', Journal of Plasma Physics, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 1167-1171.
- Hole, M, Hudson, A & Dewar, R 2006, 'Equilibria and stability in partially relaxed plasma-vacuum systems

',*International Atomic Energy Agency Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006)*, Conference Organising Committee, Website. - Blackwell, B, Pretty, D, Harris, J et al. 2006, 'Observations of Alfvenic MHD Activity in the H-1 Heliac',
*International Atomic Energy Agency Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006)*, Conference Organising Committee, Website, p. 8. - Blackwell, B, Howard, J, Hole, M et al 2006, 'The H-1 National Plasma Fusion Research Facility, and the prospects for Stellarators in the Quest for Fusion Power',
*Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference 2006*, ed. Conference Program Committee, Pacific Nuclear Council, Sydney Australia, p. 6. - O'Connor, D & Hole, M 2006, 'THE POTENTIAL FOR AUSTRALIAN INVOLVEMENT IN ITER',
*Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference 2006*, ed. Conference Program Committee, Pacific Nuclear Council, Sydney Australia. - Hole, M, Robinson, P & Cairns, I 2006, 'Statistics of polarization and Stokes parameters: multiple orthonormal wave populations', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 012101.
- Hole, M & OConnor, J 2006, Australia needs to get back to the front on fusion power, The Age.
- Hole, M & Powell, B 2005, 'Nuclear fusion: the future of energy production', Australasian Science, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 17-20.
- Counsell, G, Akers, R, Appel, L et al 2005, 'Overview of MAST results', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 157-167.
- Hole, M, Akers, R, Appel, L et al 2005, 'Ideal MHD stability of the mega-ampere spherical tokamak', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 47, pp. 581-613.
- Hole, M & Appel, L 2005, 'Stray capacitance of a two-layer air-cored inductor', IEE Proceedings - Circuits, Devices and Systems, vol. 152, no. 6, pp. 565-572.
- Appel, L & Hole, M 2005, 'Calibration of the high-frequency magnetic fluctuation diagnostic in plasma devices', Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 76, pp. 093505-1/11.
- Kirk, A, Counsell, G, Wilson, H et al 2004, 'ELM Characteristics in MAST', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 551-572.
- Hole, M, Robinson, P & Cairns, I 2004, 'Statistics of Polarization and Stokes Parameters of Stochastic Waves', Physical Review E-Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics, vol. 70, pp. 036619(12).
- Wilson, H, Ahn, J, Akers, R et al 2004, 'Integrated Plasma Physics Modelling for the Culham Steady State Spherical Tokamak Fusion Power Plant', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 44, pp. 917-929.
- Wilson, H, Voss, G, Akers, R et al 2004, 'The physics basis of a spherical tokamak component test facility',
*EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics 2004*, European Physical Society, Brussels, pp. 1-4. - Wilson, H, Voss, G, Akers, R et al 2004, 'The Spherical Tokamak as a Components Test Facility',
*International Atomic Energy Agency Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004)*, ed. Guenter Mank & Artur Malaquias, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), online, pp. 1-8. - Buttery, R, Akers, R, Arends, E et al 2004, 'Stability at High Performance in the MAST Spherical Tokamak', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 1027-1035.
- Akers, R, Appel, L, Applegate, D et al 2004, 'MAST and the impact of low aspect ration on tokamak physics', Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol. 46, no. 12B, pp. 477-494.
- Hole, M & Appel, L 2003, 'A novel technique in eigenmode analysis',
*EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics 2003*, ed. R. Koch, S. Lebedev, European Physical Society, Unknown. - Connor, J, Ahn, J, Akers, R et al 2003, 'Integrated Modelling for Steady State Spherical Tokamaks',
*EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics 2003*, ed. R. Koch, S. Lebedev, European Physical Society, Unknown, pp. 1-4. - Ahn, J, Appel, L, Conway, N et al 2003, 'Overview of recent experimental results on MAST', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 1665-1673.
- McClements, K, Appel, L, Hole, M et al 2002, 'Excitation of AlfvÃ©nic modes in Ohmic tokamak discharges', Nuclear Fusion, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 1155-1161.
- Wilson, H, Ahn, J, Akers, R et al 2002, 'The spherical tokamak power plant',
*International Atomic Energy Agency Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2002)*, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, pp. 1-8. - Appel, L, Akers, R, Hole, M et al 2002, 'Modelling of Alfvenic activity in the Mast tokamak',
*Joint Varenna-Lausanne International Workshop on Theory of Fusion Plasmas*, ed. J.W. Connor, O. Sauter and E. Sindoni, Societa Italiana di Fisica, Bologna. - Hole, M, Dallaqua, R, Simpson, S et al 2002, 'Plasma Instability of a Vacuum Arc Centrifuge', Physical Review E-Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics, vol. 65, p. 046409.
- Hole, M & Simpson, S 2001, 'Analytical Description of a Collisional Plasma Column in a Vacuum Arc Centrifuge', Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 34, pp. 3028-3035.
- Hole, M & Simpson, S 1997, 'Performance of a vacuum arc centrifuge with a non-uniform magnetic field', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 3493-3500.