Professor Carolyn Hendriks

Professor of Public Policy and Governance
Crawford School of Public Policy

Professor Hendriks' work examines the democratic aspects of contemporary governance, particularly with respect to participation, deliberation, inclusion and representation. She has taught and published widely on the application and politics of inclusive and deliberative forms of citizen engagement. Her recent work is exploring alternative modes of political participation, particularly those enabled by online and offline spaces of political contestation. With a background in both political science and environmental engineering, Carolyn has a particular interest in the governance of the environment, as well as science and technology issues. Carolyn teaches graduate courses in the Masters of Public Policy.

Carolyn is currently working on an ARC Discovery project (together with Prof John Dryzek, Dr Selen Ercan, A/Prof Paul Fawcett and Dr Michael Jensen) which is exploring how the ever-increasing volume of political communication (especially online) challenges democracy and effective policy making. For empirical insights she is examining the nature and form of public deliberation surrounding the Narrabri coal seam gas controversy in Australia.

Research interests

  • Citizen engagement in public policy
  • The practice and theory of deliberative democracy
  • Democratic innovation
  • Alternative forms of political participation
  • Environmental politics
  • Interpretive methods of political research


  • Dzur, A & Hendriks, C 2018, 'Thick Populism: democracy-enhancing popular participation', Policy Studies, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 334-351pp.
  • Ercan, S, Hendriks, C & Dryzek, J 2019, 'Public deliberation in an era of communicative plenty', Policy and Politics, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 19-35pp.
  • Hendriks, C, Regan, S & Kay, A 2018, 'Participatory Adaptation in Contemporary Parliamentary Committees in Australia', Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 267-289.
  • Hendriks, C 2017, 'Citizen-led democratic reform: innovations in Indi', Australian Journal of Political Science, vol. Online, pp. 20pp..
  • Hendriks, C & Kay, A 2017, 'From 'Opening Up' to Democratic Renewal: Deepening Public Engagement in Legislative Committees', Government and Opposition, vol. Online, pp. 27pp..
  • Curato, N, Dryzek, J, Ercan, S., Hendriks. C.M. and Niemeyer S. 2017, 'Twelve key findings in deliberative democracy research', Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 28-38.
  • Ercan, S, Hendriks, C & Boswell, J 2017, 'Studying public deliberation after the systemic turn: The crucial role for interpretive research', Policy and Politics, 45 (2): 195-212.
  • Hendriks, C 2016, 'Coupling citizens and elites in deliberative systems: The role of institutional design', European Journal of Political Research, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 43-60.
  • Hendriks, C, Duus, S & Ercan, S 2016, 'Performing politics on social media: The dramaturgy of an environmental controversy on Facebook', Environmental Politics, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1102-1125pp.
  • Boswell, J, Hendriks, C & Ercan, S 2016, 'Message received? Examining transmission in deliberative systems', Critical Policy Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 263-283.
  • Hendriks, C 2016, 'Democratic illusion. Deliberative democracy in Canadian public policy', Critical Policy Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 380-382.
  • Boswell, J, Niemeyer, S & Hendriks, C 2013, 'Julia Gillard's Citizens' Assembly Proposal for Australia: A Deliberative Democratic Analysis', Australian Journal of Political Science, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 164-178.
  • Hendriks, C & Ercan, S 2013, 'The democratic challenges and potential of localism: insights from deliberative democracy', Policy Studies, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 422-440.
  • Hendriks, C, Bolitho, A & Foulkes, C 2013, 'Localism and the paradox of devolution: delegated citizen committees in Victoria, Australia', Policy Studies, vol. 34, no. 5-6, pp. 575-591.
  • Hendriks, C, Ercan, S & Boswell, J 2013, 'Understanding Deliberative Systems in Practice: the crucial role for interpretive research', American Political Science Association 2013 Annual Meeting, ed. Andrea Campbell and Lisa Martin, American Political Science Association, Washington D.C., pp. 1-29.
  • Dryzek, J & Hendriks, C 2012, 'Fostering Deliberation in the Forum and Beyond', in Frank Fischer and Herbert Gottweis (ed.), The Argumentative Turn Revisited, Duke University Press, United States, pp. 31-57.
  • Hendriks, C 2011, The Politics of Public Deliberation: Citizen engagement and interest advocacy, Palgrave Macmillan Ltd, London UK.
  • Hendriks, C 2010, 'Inclusive Governance for Sustainability', in Valerie Brown, John Harris, Jacqueline Russell (ed.), Tackling Wicked Problems: Through the Transdisciplinary Imagination, Earthscan Publications Ltd, London, UK and Washington DC, USA, pp. 150-160.
  • Hendriks, C 2009, 'Policy design without democracy? Making democratic sense of transition management', Policy Sciences, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 341-368.
  • Hendriks, C 2009, 'The Democratic Soup: mixed meanings of political representation in governance networks', Governance: an International journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 689-715.
  • Hendriks, C, Harding, R & Faruqi, M 2009, Environmental Decision-Making: Exploring complexity and context, The Federation Press, Sydney Australia.
  • Hendriks, C 2009, 'Deliberative governance in the context of power', Policy & Society: journal of public, foreign and global policy, vol. 28, pp. 173-184.
  • Hendriks, C & Stewart, J 2008, 'Discovering the Environment', in Chris Aulich and Roger Wettenhall (ed.), Howard's Fourth Government, UNSW Press, Sydney NSW, pp. 206-226.
  • Hendriks, C 2008, 'The social context of public deliberation: Letting practice shape theory', International Journal of Public Participation, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 87-91.
  • Hendriks, C & Carson, L 2008, 'Can the Market Help the Forum? Negotiating the Commercialization of deliberative democracy', Policy Sciences, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 293-313.
  • Hendriks, C 2008, 'On inclusion and network governance: the democratic disconnect of Dutch Energy transitions', Public Administration, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 1009-1031.
  • Hendriks, C, Dryzek, J & Hunold, C 2007, 'Turning up the Heat: Partisanship in Deliberative Innovation', Political Studies, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 362-383.
  • Hendriks, C 2007, 'Praxis Stories: Experiencing Interpretive Policy Research', Critical Policy Studies, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 278-300.
  • Hendriks, C & Grin, J 2007, 'Enacting Reflexive Governance: The politics of Dutch transitions to sustainability', Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 333-350.
  • Hendriks, C 2006, 'Integrated Deliberation: Reconciling civil society's dual role in deliberative democracy', Political Studies, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 486-508.
  • Hendriks, C 2006, 'When the forum meets interest politics: strategic uses of public deliberation', Politics and Society, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 571-602.
  • Hendriks, C 2005, 'Participatory storylines and their influence on deliberative forums', Policy Sciences, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1-20.
  • Hendriks, C 2005, 'Lay Citizen Deliberations: Consensus conferences and planning cells', in John Gastil and Peter Levine (ed.), The Deliberative Democracy Handbook: Strategies for Effective Civic Engagement in the Twenty-First Century, Jossey-Bass Inc, USA, pp. 80-110.
  • Hendriks, C, Carson, L, White, S et al 2003, 'Combining a Televote and Citizens' Jury in a Legislative Review', in Joan Font (ed.), Public Participation and Local Governance, Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials, Barcelona, pp. 168-181.
  • Hendriks, C 2002, 'The ambiguous role of civil society in deliberative democracy', Australasian Political Studies Association Conference (APSA 2002), Australasian Political Studies Association, online, pp. online.