Professor Andrew Macintosh

College of Law

Andrew Macintosh is a leading environmental law and policy scholar and is the Associate Dean (Research) at the ANU College of Law. His research is cross-disciplinary, involving the application of legal, economic and political science methods to the study of environmental policy problems and processes. Much of his work has centred on climate change mitigation and adaptation, and Australian environmental impact assessment processes. He is regarded as one of Australia’s preeminent experts on carbon offsets, land sector carbon abatement and federal environmental law. His research has been published in the most prestigious environment journals in the world, including Nature Climate Change, Climatic Change and the Journal of Environmental Law, and he was awarded the Schlamadinger Prize for Climate Change Research in 2012.

Andrew’s work has a strong policy orientation and he regularly advises governments, corporations and non-government organisations on environmental law and policy. He is currently the Chair of the Australian Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee, a Director of the Port of Newcastle, a member of the Australian Government’s Emissions Reduction Fund Expert Reference Group, and a member of the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory User Reference Group. He was previously the Chair of the Domestic Offsets Integrity Committee and an Associate Member of the Australian Climate Change Authority. He is also an editor of the Environmental and Planning Law Journal. 

Research interests

  • Environmental Management
  • Environmental And Natural Resources Law
  • Administrative Law


  • Macintosh, A, Simpson, A, Neeman, T et al. 2020, 'Plastic bag bans: Lessons from the Australian Capital Territory', Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 154, pp. 1-12.
  • Macintosh, A, Simpson, A, Chilcot, C et al. 2020, Northern Australia beef situation analysis. A report to the Cooperative Research Centre for Developing Northern Australia.
  • King, G, Macintosh, A, Smith, S, et al. 2020, Report of the expert panel examining additional sources of low cost abatement.
  • Macintosh, A & Constable, A 2018, 'Supply-side climate policies and the Yasuní-ITT Initiative', Environmental and Planning Law Journal, vol. 34, no. 2.
  • Gibbons, P, Macintosh, A, Constable, A et al 2018, 'Outcomes from 10 years of biodiversity offsetting', Global Change Biology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. e643-e654.
  • Macintosh, A, Gibbons, P, Jones, J et al 2018, 'Delays, stoppages and appeals: An empirical evaluation of the adverse impacts of environmental citizen suits in the New South Wales land and environment court', Environmental Impact Assessment Review, vol. 69, pp. 94-103.
  • Scotford, E, Minas, S & Macintosh, A 2017, 'Climate change and national laws across
    Commonwealth countries', Commonwealth Law Bulletin, vol. 43, no. 34, pp. 318ââ¬â361.
  • Macintosh, A 2017, 'Lawfare, liberal standing rules and environmental citizen suits: A reply to the attorney-general', Australian Institute of Administrative Law Forum, no. 90, pp. 19-31.
  • Macintosh, A, Roberts, H & Constable, A 2017, 'An Empirical Evaluation of Environmental Citizen Suits under the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth)', Sydney Law Review, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 85-121.
  • Macintosh, A 2017, 'The Tasmanian Dam Case and the "Green Commonwealth' Hypothesis', in Michael Coper; Heather Roberts; James Stellios (ed.), The Tasmanian Dam Case 30 Years On: An Enduring Legacy, The Federation Press, Australia NSW, pp. 149-178pp.
  • Macintosh, A, Waschka, M, Jones, J et al. 2017, Costs, benefits, institutional and social considerations for irrigation development. A technical report to the Australian Government from the CSIRO Northern Australia Water Resource Assessment, part of the National Water Infrastructure Development Fund: Wa.
  • Macintosh, A & Wilkinson, D 2016, 'Complexity theory and the constraints on environmental policymaking', Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 65-93.
  • Macintosh, A, Constable, A, Comfort, I et al. 2016, Environmental Citizen Suits in the New South Wales Land and Environment Court: Frequency, success rates and citizen suit grants.
  • Macintosh, A 2016, 'Ecologically Sustainable Development (ESD) and the Cost-effectiveness Principle', Australian Environment Review, vol. 30, no. 9&10, pp. 243-248.
  • Macintosh, A, Keith, H & Lindenmayer, D 2016, 'Reply to 'Policy institutions and forest carbon'', Nature Climate Change, 5, 805-806.
  • Macintosh, A, Keith, H & Lindenmayer, D 2015, 'Rethinking forest carbon assessments to account for policy institutions', Nature Climate Change, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 946-U77.
  • Keith, H, Lindenmayer, D, Macintosh, A et al 2015, 'Under what circumstances do wood products from native forests benefit climate change mitigation?', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 10, no. 10, pp. e0139640-e0139640.
  • Foerster, A, Macintosh, A & McDonald, J 2015, 'Trade-offs in adaptation planning: Protecting public interest environmental values', Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 459-487.
  • Macintosh, A, Foerster, A & McDonald, J 2015, 'Policy design, spatial planning and climate change adaptation: a case study from Australia', Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 1432-1453.
  • Macintosh, A, McDonald, J & Foerster, A 2015, 'Designing spatial adaptation planning instruments', in J Palutikof, S Boulter, J Barnett, D Rissik (ed.), Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., USA, pp. 34-42.
  • Macintosh, A 2015, 'The impact of ESD on Australia's environmental institutions', Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 33-45.
  • Macintosh, A & Waugh, L 2014, 'Compensatory mitigation and screening rules in environmental impact assessment', Environmental Impact Assessment Review, vol. 49, pp. 1-12.
  • Macintosh, A 2014, 'Mitigation targets, burden sharing and the role of economic modelling in climate policy', Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 164-180.
  • Macintosh, A 2013, 'The carbon farming initiative: Removing the obstacles to its success', Carbon Management, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 185-202.
  • Foerster, A, Macintosh, A & McDonald, J 2013, 'Transferable lessons for climate change adaptation planning? Managing bushfire and coastal climate hazards in Australia', Environmental and Planning Law Journal, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 469-490.
  • Macintosh, A 2013, 'Coastal climate hazards and urban planning: how planning responses can lead to maladaptation', Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1035-1055.
  • Macintosh, A, Foerster, A & McDonald, J 2013, Limp, leap or learn? Developing legal frameworks for climate change adaptation planning in Australia.
  • Macintosh, A & Cunliffe, J 2012, 'The significance of ICM in the evolution of s 51(xxxi)', Environmental and Planning Law Journal, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 297-315.
  • Macintosh, A & Waugh, L 2012, 'An introduction to the Carbon Farming Initiative: Key principles and concepts', Environmental and Planning Law Journal, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 439-461.
  • Macintosh, A 2012, 'The Australia clause and REDD: a cautionary tale', Climatic Change, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 169-188.
  • Macintosh, A 2012, 'LULUCF in the post-2012 regime: fixing the problems of the past?', Climate Policy, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 341-355.
  • Macintosh, A & Wilkinson, D 2012, 'Best Practice Heritage Protection: Australia's National Heritage Regime and the Tarkine', Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 75-101.
  • Jotzo, Frank, Burke, Paul J., Wood, Peter J., Macintosh, Andrew, and Stern, David I. 2012. Decomposing the 2010 global carbon dioxide emissions rebound. Nature Climate Change 2(4), 213–214.
  • Macintosh, A & Wilkinson, D 2011, 'Searching for public benefits in solar subsidies: A case study on the Australian government's residential photovoltaic rebate program', Energy Policy, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 3199-3209.
  • Macintosh, A 2011, 'Are forest management reference levels incompatible with robust climate outcomes? A case study on Australia', Carbon Management, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 691-707.
  • Macintosh, A 2010, 'The Australian Government's environmental impact assessment (EIA) regime: Using surveys to identify proponent views on cost-effectiveness', Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 175-188.
  • Macintosh, A, Bonyhady, T & Wilkinson, D 2010, 'Dealing with interests displaced by marine protected areas: A case study on the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Structural Adjustment Package', Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 581-588.
  • Macintosh, A 2010, 'A Theoretical Framework for Adaptation Policy', in Tim Bonyhady, Jan McDonald and Andrew Macintosh (ed.), Adaptation to Climate Change: Law and policy, The Federation Press, Sydney, pp. 38-62.
  • Macintosh, A & Wallace, L 2008, International aviation emissions to 2025: Can emissions be stabilised without restricting demand?.