Professor Vladimir Canudas Romo

Professor and Head
School of Demography

I hold a bachelor in actuarial Sciences and mathematics (UNAM, 1993-1997) and master in population studies (FLACSO, 1997-1999) both from Mexico. I received my PhD from a joint collaboration between University of Groningen (1999-2003) in the Netherlands, and the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Germany. After that, I was awarded the Dewitt Wallace posdoctoral fellowship from Population Council to work at the Pennsylvania State University (2003-2005), USA. I worked as a research scientist (2005-2007) at the Department of Demography, University of California Berkeley, and from 2007-2013 I worked as Assistant Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA, and the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. As Associate professor, I joined in 2013 the Max Planck Odense Centre in Denmark, and in 2017 the School of Demography at the Australian National University.

Research interests

- Causes of death modeling and forecasting remains among my most deep interests. I believe the future rise in life expectancy will still be heavily dependent on public health interventions, as it was the case in the past (sanitation, living standards, clean water, health-education, etc). However, also medical innovations will have a central part of this change. Demography, and more specifically the study of mortality by causes of death, will be at the center of this debate helping experts of other fields disentangle the contribution of the new advancements in both public health and clinical practices.

- Demography has a central role in the public debate because it informs about existent "Disparities" in populations. In the mortality/health research by causes of death mentioned above, I am also interested to study disparities occurring in time trends, for example the disproportional high levels of homicide mortality in Latin America, or existent mortality disparities among subpopulations, for example the mortality of people with mental disorders. Analyzing the mortality disparities among different education, social and other subpopulations is also a key part of my work.

- Formal demography or the existent mathematical relations between demographic measures is also at the core of my interests: I would intend to continue developing new demographic measures and methods that help explicate the observed population phenomena in humans.

Groups

  • Canudas Romo, V, Su, W & Hollingshaus, M 2023, 'Variable-r in sex ratios: Formulas in honor of Jim Vaupel', Demographic Research, vol. 49, no. 26, pp. 693-722.
  • Shen, T, Riffe, T, Payne, C, Canudas-Romo, V. 2023, 'Decomposition of Differentials in Health Expectancies From Multistate Life Tables: A Research Note', Demography 60 (6): 1675–1688.
    https://doi.org/10.1215/00703370-11058373
  • Zheng, Y, Permanyer, I, Canudas Romo, V et al. 2023, 'Lifespan variation among people with a given disease or condition', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 9, no. 18, pp. 1-12 (e0290962).
  • Kalindi, A, Houle, B & Canudas Romo, V 2023, 'Comparative evidence of years lived with reproductive-age morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa (2010-2019)', Demographic Research, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 109-142.
    https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2023.49.6
  • Shen, T, Lazzari, E & Canudas Romo, V 2023, 'The contribution of survival to changes in the net reproduction rate', Population Studies, vol. 77, no. 2.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00324728.2023.2187441
  • Somboonsin, P, Vardoulakis, S & Canudas Romo, V 2023, 'A comparative study of life-years lost attributable to air particulate matter in Asia-Pacific and European countries', Chemosphere, vol. 338, pp. 1-11.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.139420
  • Canudas Romo, V, Houle, B & Adair, T 2022, 'Quantifying impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on Australian life expectancy', International Journal of Epidemiology, dyab273. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyab273
  • Sauerberg, M & Canudas Romo, V 2022, 'Comparing Cohort Survival in Good Health: A Research Note on Decomposing Sex Differentials in the United States', Demography, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 2013-2024.
    https://doi.org/10.1215/00703370-10349971
  • Canudas Romo, V, Shen, T & Payne, C 2022, 'The Components of Change in Population Growth Rates', Demography, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 417-431. https://doi.org/10.1215/00703370-9765067
  • Nepomuceno, M, Cui, Q, Van Raalte, A, Aburto, JM, Canudas-Romo, V 2022, 'The Cross-sectional Average Inequality in Lifespan (CAL+): A Lifespan Variation Measure That Reflects the Mortality Histories of Cohorts', Demography, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 187-206. https://doi.org/10.1215/00703370-9637380
  • Chen, M & Canudas Romo, V 2022, 'Urban-rural lifespan disparities and cause-deleted analysis: Evidence from China', BMJ Open, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1-7.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-050707
  • Mogi, R, Lazzari, E, Nisen, J, Canudas-Romo , V. 2022, 'Cross-sectional average length of life by parity: Country comparisons', Population Studies, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2022.2049857
  • Ni, M, Canudas Romo, V, Shi, J et al. 2021, 'Understanding longevity in Hong Kong: a comparative study with long-living, high-income countries', The Lancet Public Health 6(12): E919-E931. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(21)00208-5
  • Canudas Romo, V, Shen, T & Payne, C 2021, 'The role of reductions in old-age mortality in old-age population growth', Demographic Research 44(44): 1073-1084. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2021.44.44
  • Lazzari, E, Mogi, R & Canudas Romo, V 2021, 'Educational composition and parity contribution to completed cohort fertility change in low-fertility settings', Population Studies 75(2): 153-167. https://doi.org/10.1080/00324728.2021.1895291
  • Aburto, J, Calazans, J, Lanza Queiroz, B, Luhar, S, Canudas-Romo, V. 2021, 'Uneven state distribution of homicides in Brazil and their effect on life expectancy, 2000-2015: a cross-sectional mortality study.' BMJ Open 11:e044706. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044706
  • Somboonsin, P & Canudas Romo, V 2021, 'Mortality attributable to fine particulate matter in Asia, 2000-2015: a cross-sectional cause-of-death analysis', BMJ Open 11(5). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043605
  • Ryohei Mogi ; Jessica Nisén ; Vladimir Canudas-Romo, J 2021, 'Cross-sectional average length childless', Demography 58 (1): 321–344.
    https://doi.org/10.1215/00703370-8937427
  • Welsh, J, Bishop, K, Booth, H, Butler, D, Gourley, M, Law, HD, Banks, E, Canudas-Romo, V & Korda, RJ. 2021, 'Inequalities in life expectancy in Australia according to education level: a whole-of-population record linkage study', International Journal for Equity in Health 20(1):178 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-021-01513-3.
  • Canudas Romo, V, Adair, T & Mazzuco, S 2020, 'Reflection on modern methods: cause of death decomposition of cohort survival comparisons', International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 1712-1718.
  • Canudas Romo, V & Cui, Q 2020, 'Mortality at older ages and mean age at death', in Gu, D., Dupre, M. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging, Springer, Cham, pp. 1-11.
  • Mogi, R & Canudas Romo, V 2020, 'Cross-sectional average length of life by parity', in Shoen, R (ed.), Analyzing Contemporary Fertility. Springer Series on Demography Methods and Poulation Analysis, Springer, Cham, USA, pp. 293-306.
  • Pascariu, M, Basellini, U, Aburto, J & Canudas-Romo, V. 2020, 'The linear link: deriving age-specific death rates from life expectancy', Risks 8(109): 1-18.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/risks8040109
  • Plana-Ripoll, O, Canudas Romo, V, Weye, N et al 2020, 'Lillies: An R Package for the Estimation of Excess Life Years Lost among Patients with a Given Disease or Condition', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 15, no. 3.
    https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0228073
  • Zanotto, L, Canudas Romo, V & Mazzuco, S 2020, 'A mixture-function mortality model: Illustration of the evolution of premature mortality', European Journal of Population, vol. Online, p. 27.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-019-09552-x
  • Basellini, U, Canudas Romo, V & Lenart, A 2019, 'Location-Scale Models in Demography: A Useful Re-parameterization of Mortality Models', European Journal of Population, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 645-673.
    DOI: 10.1007/s10680-018-9497-x
  • Cui, Q, Canudas-Romo, V & Booth, H. 2019, 'The mechanism underlying change in the sex gap in life expectancy at birth: an extended decomposition', Demography, vol. 56, pp.2307-2321. DOI: 10.1007/s13524-019-00832-z
  • Nepomuceno, M & Canudas Romo, V 2019, 'A Cohort Survival Comparison of Central and Eastern European and High-Longevity Countries', Population, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 281-302.
  • Canudas Romo, V & Aburto, J 2019, 'Youth lost to homicides: disparities in survival in Latin America and the Caribbean', BMJ Global Health, vol. 4, pp. 1-9pp.
    DOI: 10.1136/ bmjgh-2018-001275
  • Plana-Ripoll, O, Pedersen, C, Agerbo, E, Holtz, Y, Erlangsen, A, Canudas-Romo, V et al 2019, 'A comprehensive analysis of mortality-related health metrics associated with mental disorders: a nationwide, register-based cohort study', The Lancet, vol. Online, pp. 1-9.
    DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)32316-5
  • Canudas-Romo, V, Booth, H & Bergeron-Boucher, M-P 2019, 'Minimum death rates and maximum life expectancy: The role of concordant ages', North American Actuarial Journal 23(3), pp.322-334.
    DOI: 10.1080/10920277.2018.1519448
  • Pascariu, M, Lenart, A & Canudas Romo, V 2019, 'The maximum entropy mortality model: forecasting mortality using statistical moments', Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, vol. online, pp. 1-25.
    DOI: 10.1080/03461238.2019.1596974
  • Conde, D, Staerk, J, Colchero, F et al. 2019, 'Data gaps and opportunities for comparative and conservation biology', PNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 116, no. 19, pp. 9658-9664.
  • Alvarez, J, Aburto, J & Canudas Romo, V 2019, 'Latin American convergence and divergence towards the mortality profiles of developed countries', Population Studies, vol. Online, pp. 1-18.
    DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2019.1614651
  • Torres, C, Canudas Romo, V & Oeppen, J 2019, 'The contribution of urbanization to changes in life expectancy in Scotland, 1861-1910', Population Studies, vol. Online, pp. 1-19.
    DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2018.1549746
  • Diamond-Smith, N, Saikia, N, Bishai, D et al 2019, 'What has contributed to improvements in the child sex ratio in select districts of India? A decomposition of the sex ratio at birth and child mortality’, Journal of Biosocial Science, vol.
    DOI: 10.1017/S0021932019000221
  • Laursen, T, Plana-Ripoll, O, Andersen, P et al 2019, 'Cause-specific life years lost among persons diagnosed with schizophrenia: Is it getting better or worse?', Schizophrenia Research, vol. 206, pp. 284-290.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2018.11.003
  • Canudas Romo, V 2018, 'Life Expectancy and Poverty'. The Lancet Global Health 6(8):e812-e813
    DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30327-9
  • Bergeron-Boucher, M, Canudas Romo, V, Pascariu, M et al 2018, 'Modeling and forecasting sex differences in mortality: a sex-ratio approach', Genus, vol. 74, no. 20, pp. 1-28.
    DOI:10.1186/s41118-018-0044-8
  • Canudas Romo, V, Mazzuco, S & Zanotto, L 2018, 'Measures and Models of Mortality', Handbook of Statistics, vol. Online, pp. 1-38.
  • Aburto, J, Riffe, T & Canudas Romo, V 2018, 'Trends in avoidable mortality over the life course in Mexico 1990-2015: A cross-sectional demographic analysis', BMJ Open, vol. 8.
    DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022350
  • Mogi, R & Canudas Romo, V 2018, 'Expected Years Ever Married', Demographic Research 38(47):1423-1456.
    DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2018.38.47
  • Pascariu M, Canudas-Romo, V & Vaupel JW 2018, 'The double-gap life expectancy forecasting model ', Insurance; Mathematics and Economics, 78:339–350.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.insmatheco.2017.09.011
  • Canudas Romo, V & Aburto, J 2017, 'Biodemography of Aging Determinants of Healthy Life Span and Longevity', European Journal of Population, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 611-613.
    DOI: 10.1007/s10680-017-9444-2
  • Erlangsen, A, Andersen, P, Toender, A , Laursen TM, Nordentoft M and Canudas-Romo V. 2017, 'Cause-specific life-years lost in people with mental disorders: a nationwide, register-based cohort study', The Lancet Psychiatry, 4(12): 937-945
    DOI: 10.1016/S2215-0366(17)30429-7
  • Kjaergaard, S & Canudas-Romo, V. 2017, 'Potential support ratios: Cohort versus period perspectives', Population Studies 71(2):171-186.
    DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2017.1310919
  • Canudas-Romo, V, Aburto, J, Garcia-Guerrero, V & Beltran-Sanchez H. 2017, 'Mexico's epidemic of violence and its public health significance on average length of life', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 71(2): 188-193.
    DOI: 10.1136/jech-2015-207015
  • Bergeron Boucher, V. Canudas-Romo, J. Oeppen, J.W. Vaupel. 2017. Coherent Forecasts of Mortality with Compositional Data Analysis. Demographic Research 7(17): 527–566. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2009.37.17
  • Canudas Romo, V & Zarulli, V 2016, 'Am I Halfway? Life Lived Equals Life Left', in Robert Schoen (ed.), Dynamic Demographic Analysis, Springer International Publishing, Online, pp. 33-50.
  • Guillot, M & Canudas Romo, V 2016, 'Revisiting Life Expectancy Rankings in Countries that Have Experienced Fast Mortality Decline', in Robert Schoen (ed.), Dynamic Demographic Analysis, Springer International Publishing, Online, pp. 51-68.
  • Lindahl-Jacobsen, R, Rau, R, Jeune, B, Canudas-Romo V, Lenart A, Christensen K, Vaupel JW 2016, 'Rise, stagnation, and rise of Danish women's life expectancy', PNAS - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113(15):4015-4020.
    DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1602783113
  • Folkestad, L, Hald, J, Canudas-Romo, V et al 2016, 'Mortality and Causes of Death in Patients With Osteogenesis Imperfecta: A Register-Based Nationwide Cohort Study', Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 2159-2166.
    DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.2895
  • Roberts ET, DuGoff EH, Heins SE, Swedler DI, Castillo RC, Feldman DR, Wegener ST, Canudas-Romo V, Anderson GF 2016, 'Evaluating Clinical Practice Guidelines Based on Their Association with Return to Work in Administrative Claims Data', Health Services Research, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 953-980.
    DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.12360
  • Canudas-Romo, V, DuGoff EH, Ahmed S, Wu A, Anderson GF 2016, 'Life Expectancy in 2040: What Do Clinical Experts Expect?', North American Actuarial Journal 20(3): 276-285.
    DOI: 10.1080/10920277.2016.1179123
  • Wastesson, J, Canudas-Romo, V, Lindahl-Jacobsen, R & Johnell K 2016, 'Remaining Life Expectancy With and Without Polypharmacy: A Register-Based Study of Swedes Aged 65 Years and Older', Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 31-35pp.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.07.015
  • Aburto, J, Beltran-Sanchez H, Garcia-Guerrero V & Canudas-Romo V et al 2016, 'Homicides in Mexico Reversed Life Expectancy Gains for Men and Slowed Them for Women, 2000-10', Health Affairs, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 88-95pp.
    DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0068
  • Missov TI, Lenart A, Laszlo N, Canudas-Romo V & Vaupel JW2015, 'The gompertz force of mortality in terms of the modal age at death', Demographic Research, vol. 32, no. 36, pp. 1031-1047.
    DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2015.32.36
  • Canudas-Romo, V & Guillot, M 2015, 'Truncated cross-sectional average length of life: A measure for comparing the mortality history of cohorts', Population Studies 69(2):147-159.
    DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2015.1019955
  • Canudas-Romo, V, Garcia-Guerrero, V & Echarri-Canovas, C 2015, 'The stagnation of the Mexican male life expectancy in the first decade of the 21st century: The impact of homicides and diabetes mellitus', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 28-34pp.
    DOI: 10.1136/jech-2014-204237
  • Bergeron-Boucher, M, Ebeling, M & Canudas-Romo, V 2015, 'Decomposing changes in life expectancy: Compression versus shifting mortality', Demographic Research, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 391-423.
    DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2015.33.14
  • Canudas-Romo, V, Saikia, N & Diamond-Smith, N 2015, 'The contribution of age-specific mortality towards male and female life expectancy differentials in India and selected States, 1970-2013', Asia-Pacific Population Journal, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 1-20pp.
    DOI: 10.18356/2702b8d0-en
  • Canudas-Romo V, Liu L, Zimmerman L, Ahmed S, Tsui A 2014, 'Potential gains in Reproductive-Aged Life Expectancy by Eliminating Maternal Mortality: A Demographic Bonus of Achieving MDG 5', PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science), vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-7pp.
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086694
  • DuGoff, E, Canudas-Romo, V, Buttorff C, Leff B, & Anderson G 2014, 'Multiple Chronic Conditions and Life Expectancy A Life Table Analysis', Medical Care, vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 688-694pp.
    DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000166
  • Andersen, P, Canudas Romo, V & Keiding, N 2013, 'Cause-specific measures of life years lost', Demographic Research, vol. 29, no. 41, pp. 1127-1152.
  • Canudas Romo, V & Engelman, M 2012, 'The lagging behind of the US life expectancy: International and domestic comparison', Genus, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 1-21pp.
    https://www.jstor.org/stable/genus.65.1.59
  • Wilmoth J, Zureick S, Canudas-Romo V, Inoue M, Sawyer C 2012, 'A flexible two-dimensional mortality model for use in indirect estimation', Population Studies, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 1-U356.
    DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2011.611411
  • Canudas Romo, V & Becker, S 2011, 'The crossover between life expectancies at birth and at age one: The imbalance in the life table', Demographic Research, vol. 24, pp. 113-143.
    DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.4
  • Canudas Romo, V 2010, 'Three measures of longevity: Time trends and record values', Demography, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 299-312.
  • Engelman, M, Canudas Romo, V & Agree, E 2010, 'The implications of increased survivorship for mortality variation in aging populations', Population and Development Review, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 511-539.
  • Cohen, A, Tillinghast, J & Canudas Romo, V 2010, 'No consistent effects of prenatal or neonatal exposure to Spanish flu on late-life mortality in 24 developed countries', Demographic Research, vol. 22, pp. 579-634.
  • Canudas Romo, V & Engelman, M 2009, 'Maximum life expectancies: Revisiting the best practice trends', Genus, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 59-79.
  • Canudas Romo, V 2008, 'The modal age at death and the shifting mortality hypothesis', Demographic Research, vol. 19, pp. 1179-1204.
  • Erlangsen, A, Canudas Romo, V & Conwell, Y 2008, 'Increased use of antidepressants and decreasing suicide rates: A population-based study using Danish register data', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 448-454.
  • Beltrán-Sánchez, H, Preston, S & Canudas Romo, V 2008, 'An integrated approach to cause-of-death analysis: Cause-deleted life tables and decompositions of life expectancy', Demographic Research, vol. 19, pp. 1323-1350.
  • Rau, R, Doblhammer, G, Canudas Romo, V et al. 2008, 'Cause-of-death contributions to educational inequalities in mortality in Austria between 1981/1982 and 1991/1992', European Journal of Population, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 265-286.
  • Schoen, R & Canudas Romo, V 2006, 'Timing effects on divorce: 20th century experience in the United States', Journal of Marriage and the Family, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 749-758.
  • Schoen, R & Canudas Romo, V 2006, 'Multistate cohort models with proportional transfer rates', Demography, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 553-568.
  • Schoen, R & Canudas Romo, V 2005, 'Timing effects on first marriage: Twentieth-century experience in England and Wales and the USA', Population Studies, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 135-146.
  • Canudas Romo, V & Schoen, R 2005, 'Changing mortality and average cohort life expectancy', Demographic Research, vol. 13, pp. 117-142.
  • Vaupel, J & Canudas Romo, V 2003, 'Decomposing change in life expectancy: A bouquet of formulas in honor of Nathan Keyfitz's 90th birthday', Demography, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 201-216.
  • Vaupel, J & Canudas Romo, V 2002, 'Decomposing demographic change into direct vs. compositional components', Demographic Research, vol. 7, pp. 1-14.
  • Canudas Romo, V 2008, 'Mortality changes in the Iberian Peninsula in the last decades of the twentieth century', Population (English edition), vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 319-344.