# Emeritus Professor Ross Griffiths

## Contacts

1979: PhD in geophysical fluid dynamics, ANU (on double-diffusive, or thermohaline, convection)

1979-1981: Postdoc, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, UK (on rotating stratified flows and the instability of ocean currents)

1982: Research Associate, Institute of Mechanics, University of Grenoble and CNRS, France

1983-present: Research School of Earth Sciences, ANU.

Awarded the 2017 Jaeger Medal of the Australian Academy of Science; Visiting Professorships at INPG, Universite Grenoble-Alpes, France in 2016 and 2017; Centenary Medal for service to science in Australia in 2001; Japan Society for the promotion of Science Senior Invitation Fellowship in 1997 (3 months at the University of Hakkaido); the Priestley Medal of the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society in 1991; Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Summer Program in 1980.

Elected Fellow of the American Physical Society 2014, Inaugual Fellow of the Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society in 2011, Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science 2001, Fellow of the American Geophysical Union in 2001, Fellow of the Australian Institute of Physics in 1991.

Interim Director of the Research School of Earth Sciences for 6 months in 2006; Associate Director and head of the 'Earth Physics' section of the School 2006-2010. Associate Editor of the * Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, Cambridge University Press 2007-2017.

### Groups

- Researcher, Earth systems

- Mondal, M, Gayen, B, Griffiths, R et al 2019, 'Ablation of sloping ice faces into polar seawater', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 863, pp. 545-571.
- Vreugdenhil, C, Gayen, B & Griffiths, R 2019, 'Transport by deep convection in basin-scale geostrophic circulation: Turbulence-resolving simulations', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 865, pp. 681-719.
- Vreugdenhil, C, Griffiths, R & Gayen, B 2017, 'Geostrophic and chimney regimes in rotating horizontal convection with imposed heat flux', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 823, pp. 57-99pp.
- Gamble Rosevear, M, Gayen, B & Griffiths, R 2017, 'Turbulent horizontal convection under spatially periodic forcing: A regime governed by interior inertia', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 831, pp. 491-523.
- Vreugdenhil, C, Gayen, B & Griffiths, R 2016, 'Mixing and dissipation in a geostrophic buoyancy-driven circulation', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 121, no. 8, pp. 6076-6091.
- Dossmann, Y, Gamble Rosevear, M, Griffiths, R et al. 2016, 'Experiments with mixing in stratified flow over a topographic ridge', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 121, no. 9, pp. 6961-6977.
- Vreugdenhil, C, Hogg, A, Griffiths, R et al. 2016, 'Adjustment of the meridional overturning circulation and its dependence on depth of mixing', Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 731-747.
- Gayen, B, Griffiths, R & Kerr, R 2016, 'Simulation of convection at a vertical ice face dissolving into saline water', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 798, pp. 284-298.
- Griffiths, R & Gayen, B 2015, 'Turbulent Convection Insights from Small-Scale Thermal Forcing with Zero Net Heat Flux at a Horizontal Boundary', Physical Review Letters, vol. 115, no. 20, pp. 204301-204301.
- Stewart, K, Saenz Umana, J, Hogg, A et al. 2014, 'Effect of topographic barriers on the rates of available potential energy conversion of the oceans', Ocean Modelling, vol. 76, pp. 31-42.
- Gayen, B, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2014, 'Stability transitions and turbulence in horizontal convection', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 751, pp. 698-724.
- Smith, C, Speer, K & Griffiths, R 2014, 'Multiple Zonal Jets in a Differentially Heated Rotating Annulus', Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 2273-2291.
- Salonen, K, Pulkkanen, M, Salmi, P et al 2014, 'Interannual variability of circulation under spring ice in a boreal lake', Journal of Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 2121-2132.
- Druken, K, Kincaid, C, Griffiths, R et al 2014, 'Plume-slab interaction: The Samoa-Tonga system', Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 232, pp. 1-14.
- Vreugdenhil, C, Griffiths, R & Gayen, B 2014, 'Rotating horizontal convection in a rectangular box',
*19th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference AFMC 2014*, ed. Harun Chowdhury and Firoz Alam, Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society, Australia, pp. -. - Campbell, I & Griffiths, R 2014, 'Did the formation of DÊº; cause the Archaean-Proterozoic transition?', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 388, pp. 1-8.
- Kincaid, C, Druken, K, Griffiths, R et al 2013, 'Bifurcation of the Yellowstone plume driven by subduction-induced mantle flow', Nature Geoscience, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 395-399.
- Druken, K, Kincaid, C & Griffiths, R 2013, 'Directions of seismic anisotropy in laboratory models of mantle plumes', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, no. 14, pp. 3544-3549.
- Griffiths, R, Hughes, G & Gayen, B 2013, 'Horizontal convection dynamics: Insights from transient adjustment', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 726, pp. 559-595.
- Gayen, B, Griffiths, R, Hughes, G et al 2013, 'Energetics of horizontal convection', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 716, pp. R10.
- Gayen, B, Hughes, G & Griffiths, R 2013, 'Completing the mechanical energy pathways in turbulent Rayleigh-BÃ©nard convection', Physical Review Letters, vol. 111, no. 12.
- Hughes, G, Gayen, B & Griffiths, R 2013, 'Available potential energy in Rayleigh-Benard convection', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 729, pp. R3 (1-9).
- Saenz Umana, J, Hogg, A, Hughes, G et al. 2012, 'Mechanical power input from buoyancy and wind to the circulation in an ocean model', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 39, no. 13, pp. 1-6.
- Stewart, K, Hughes, G & Griffiths, R 2012, 'The role of turbulent mixing in an overturning circulation maintained by surface buoyancy forcing', Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 1907-1922.
- Stewart, K, Hughes, G & Griffiths, R 2011, 'When do marginal seas and topographic sills modify the ocean density structure?', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 116, no. 8, pp. C08021-15.
- Griffiths, R, Maher, N & Hughes, G 2011, 'Ocean stratification under oscillatory surface buoyancy forcing', Journal of Marine Research, vol. 69, no. 4-6, pp. 523-543.
- Hogg, A & Griffiths, R 2010, 'A coupled ocean-atmosphere laboratory model of the Antarctic circumpolar current', Ocean Modelling, vol. 35, no. 1-2, pp. 54-66.
- Coman, M, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2010, 'The sensitivity of convection from a horizontal boundary to the distribution of heating', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 647, pp. 71-90.
- Hughes, G, Hogg, A & Griffiths, R 2009, 'Available Potential Energy and Irreversible Mixing in the Meridional Overturning Circulation', Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol. 39, pp. 3130-3146.
- Prastowo, T, Griffiths, R, Hughes, G et al. 2009, 'Effects of topography on the cumulative mixing efficiency in exchange flows', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 114, no. C08008, p. 12.
- Griffiths, R, Hughes, G, Hogg, A et al. 2008, 'Mixing in baroclinic exchange flows and its dependence on topography',
*International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2008*, ed. Conference Program Committee, Conference Organising Committee, Adelaide Australia, p. 2. - Hughes, G & Griffiths, R 2008, 'Horizontal Convection', Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 40, pp. 185-208.
- Hughes, G & Griffiths, R 2008, 'Adjustment processes in horizontal convection',
*International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2008*, ed. Conference Program Committee, Conference Organising Committee, Adelaide Australia, p. 2. - Griffiths, R & Bidokhti, A 2008, 'Interleaving intrusions produced by internal waves: a laboratory experiment', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 602, pp. 219-239.
- Prastowo, T, Griffiths, R, Hughes, G et al. 2008, 'Mixing efficiency in controlled exchange flows', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 600, pp. 235-244.
- Hughes, G, Griffiths, R, Mullarney, J et al. 2007, 'A theoretical model for horizontal convection at high Rayleigh number', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 581, pp. 251-276.
- Cashman, K, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 2006, 'A laboratory model of surface crust formation and disruption on lava flows through non-uniform channels', Bulletin of Volcanology, vol. 68, no. 7-8, pp. 753-770.
- Mullarney, J, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2006, 'The role of freshwater fluxes in the thermohaline circulation: Insights from a laboratory analogue', Deep-Sea Research Part 1. Oceanographic Research Papers, vol. 54, pp. 1-21.
- Mullarney, J, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2006, 'The effects of geothermal heating on the ocean overturning circulation', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 33, no. L02607, pp. 1-4.
- Hughes, G & Griffiths, R 2006, 'A simple convective model of the global overturning circulation, including effects of entrainment into sinking regions', Ocean Modelling, vol. 12, pp. 46-79.
- Prastowo, T, Griffiths, R, Hughes, G et al. 2006, 'Mixing in exchange flows through a contraction',
*International Symposium on Stratified Flows 2006*, ed. G N Ivey, University of Western Australia, Australia, p. 7. - Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2006, 'Adjustment Processes and Timescales in Horizontal Convection',
*International Symposium on Stratified Flows 2006*, ed. G N Ivey, University of Western Australia, Australia, pp. 545-550. - Kerr, R, Griffiths, R & Cashman, K 2006, 'Formation of channelized lava flows on an unconfined slope', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 111, no. B10206, pp. 1-13.
- Coman, M, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2006, 'Horizontal convection driven by two spatially separated regions of destabilising flux',
*International Symposium on Stratified Flows 2006*, ed. G N Ivey, University of Western Australia, Australia, pp. 563-568. - Coman, M, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2006, 'Sandstrom's experiments revisited', Journal of Marine Research, vol. 64, no. 6, pp. 783-796.
- Coman, M, Hughes, G, Kerr, R et al 2006, 'The effect of a barrier on laminar convection in a box with differentially heated endwalls', International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 49, pp. 2903-2911.
- Lyman, A, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 2005, 'Effects of internal rheology and surface cooling on the emplacement of lava flows', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 110, pp. 1-16.
- Hughes, G, Griffiths, R & Mullarney, J 2004, 'A steady filling box solution with zero net buoyancy flux',
*Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2004*, ed. The University of Sydney, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, p. 4. - Kincaid, C & Griffiths, R 2004, 'Variability in flow and temperatures within mantle subduction zones', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. Q06002.
- Regel, R, Brookes, J, Ganf, G et al 2004, 'The influence of experimentally generated turbulence on the Mash01 unicellular
*Microcystis aeruginosa*strain', Hydrobiologia, vol. 517, no. 1-3, pp. 107-120. - Mullarney, J, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2004, 'Convection driven by differential heating at a horizontal boundary', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 516, pp. 181-209.
- Wells, M & Griffiths, R 2003, 'Interaction of salt finger convection with intermittent turbulence', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 108, no. C3, 3080, pp. 25/1-12.
- Griffiths, R & Kincaid, C 2003, 'Laboratory models of the thermal evolution of the mantle during rollback subduction', Nature, vol. 425, pp. 58-62.
- Griffiths, R, Kerr, R & Cashman, K 2003, 'Patterns of solidification in channel flows with surface cooling', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 496, pp. 33-62.
- Wells, M & Griffiths, R 2002, 'Localized stirring in a field of salt-fingers', Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, vol. 35, pp. 327-350.
- Wells, M, Griffiths, R & Turner, J 2001, 'Generation of density fine structure by salt fingers in a spatially periodic shear', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 106, pp. 7027-7037.
- Lithgow-Bertelloni, C, Richards, M, Conrad, C et al 2001, 'Plume generation in natural thermal convection at high Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 434, pp. 1-21.
- Wong, A & Griffiths, R 2001, 'Two-basin filling boxes', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 106, no. C11, pp. 26,929-26,941.
- Osmond, D & Griffiths, R 2001, 'The static shape of yield-strength fluids slowly emplaced on slopes', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 106, pp. 16,241-16,250.
- Wong, A, Griffiths, R & Hughes, G 2001, 'Shear layers driven by turbulent plumes', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 434, pp. 209-241.
- Griffiths, R & Whitehead, J 2001, 'Earths Surface Morphology and Convection in the Mantle', in N. Balmforth and A. Provenzale (ed.),
*Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics*, Springer, New York, pp. 111-137. - Whitehead, J & Griffiths, R 2001, 'Morphological Instabilities in Flows with Cooling, Freezing or Dissolution', in N. Balmforth and A. Provenzale (ed.),
*Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics*, Springer, New York, pp. 138-163. - Griffiths, R 2000, 'The Dynamics of Lava Flows', Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 477-518.
- Jellinek, A, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 1999, 'Mixing and compositional layering produced by convection Part 1: The experiments and their application to the Earth's core and mantle', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 104, pp. 7183-7201.
- Griffiths, R & Kiss, A 1999, 'Flow regimes in a wide sliced-cylinder model of homogeneous b-plane circulation', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 399, pp. 205-236.
- Wong, A & Griffiths, R 1999, 'Stratification and circulation produced by multiple turbulent plumes', Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, vol. 30, pp. 101-123.
- Wells, M, Griffiths, R & Turner, J 1999, 'Competition between distributed and localised buoyancy fluxes in a confined region', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 391, pp. 319-336.