Dr Katharine Grant

Post-Doctoral Research Fellow
  • BSc (Hons) Marine Science with French, University of Southampton, UK
  • MSc Earth Sciences, James Cook University, Australia
  • PhD Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Southampton, UK

Research interests

Dr Grant analyses marine sediment cores using a range of analytical techniques (stable carbon & oxygen isotopes in foraminifera, environmental magnetism, scanning XRF) to investigate the following:

  • Plio-Pleistocene sea-level/ice-volume variability (e.g., reconstructing past changes in sea level using Red Sea & Mediterranean sediments, and investigating these changes in the context of other key climate parameters, such as polar temperature and monsoon strength)
  • Mediterranean palaeoceanography and palaeoclimate
  • New approaches to age-model development

Probabilistic records of sea level and sea-level change rates for 0-500 ka BP

Datasheet for graphs (XLSX 420KB)

Top panel: Relative sea level (RSL)

  • x-axis: datasheet column A
  • White line: maximum probability RSL curve (datasheet column B)
  • Pale blue envelope: ±2 standard deviations of the maximum probability RSL curve (datasheet columns C,D)
  • Dark grey envelope: 68% confidence interval for all RSL data (datasheet columns E,F)
  • Pale grey envelope: 95% confidence interval for all RSL data (datasheet columns G,H)

Bottom panel: Rate of sea-level change

  • x-axis: datasheet column J
  • Blue line: maximum probability rates of sea-level change (datasheet column K)
  • Pale grey envelope: ±2 standard deviations of the maximum rates of sea-level change (datasheet columns L,M)


The probabilistic data and chronology shown here are from Grant et al. (2012) [0-150 ky interval] and from Grant et al. (2014) [150-500 ky interval]. These data are based on a 500 ky Red Sea sea-level record which was first published in Rohling et al. (2009). Note that there are slight differences between the 0-150 ky data as published in Grant et al. (2012) and (2014); this is because there will always be some slight variations between successive Monte Carlo-style simulations.


Satow, C., Grant, K.M., Bachmann, O., Lowe, J. A newly discovered tephra deposit within Eemian sapropel S5 in the Levantine Sea (ODP Site 967).

Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Bernasconi, S.M., Marino, G., Heslop, D., Müller, I.A., Fernandez, A., Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J. Strong west-to-east deglacial contrasts in the Mediterranean revealed by clumped isotopes. (In review)

Rohling, E.J., Hibbert, F.D., Williams, F.H., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Foster, G.L., Hennekam, R., de Lange, G.J., Roberts, A.P., Yu, J., Webster, J.M., Yokoyama, Y. Differences between the last two glacial maxima and implications for ice-sheet, d18O, and sea-level reconstructions.


Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Westerhold, T., Zabel, M., Heslop, D., Konijnendijk, T., Lourens, L.J. (2017). A 3 million year index for North African humidity/aridity and the implication of potential pan-African Humid periods. Quaternary Science Reviews 171, 100-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.07.005


Grant, K.M., Grimm, R., Mikolajewicz, U., Marino, G., Ziegler, M., Rohling, E.J. (2016). The timing of Mediterranean sapropel deposition relative to insolation, sea-level and African monsoon changes. Quaternary Science Reviews 140, 125-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.03.026


Lowe, J.J., Ramsey, C.B., Housley, R.A., Lane, C.S., Tomlinson, E.L., RESET Team and RESET Associates. (2015). The RESET project: constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. Quat. Sci. Rev. 118, 1-17.        http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.006

Rohling, E.J., Marino, G., Grant, K.M. (2015). Mediterranean climate and oceanography, and the periodic development of anoxic events (sapropels). Earth-Sci. Rev. 143, 62-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.01.008 

Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D., Yu, J. (2015). Bipolar seesaw control on last interglacial sea level. Nature 522, 197-201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature14499 

Satow, C., Tomlinson, E.L., Grant, K.M., Albert, P.G., Smith, V.C., Manning, C.J., Ottolini, L., Wulf, S., Rohling, E.J., Lowe, J.J., Blockley, S.P.E., Menzies, M.A. (2015). A new contribution to the Late Quaternary tephrostratigraphy of the Mediterranean: Aegean Sea core LC21. Quaternary Science Reviews 117, 96-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.005 

Grimm, R., Maier-Reimer, E., Uwe Mikolajewicz, U., Schmied, G., Müller-Navarra, K., Adloff, F., Grant, K.M., Ziegler, M., Lourens, L.J., Emeis, K.-C. (2015). Late glacial initiation of Holocene eastern Mediterranean sapropel formation. Nature Communications 6, 7099. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8099


Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Florindo, F., Heslop, D., Marra, F., Roberts, A.P. Tamisiea, M.E., Williams, F. (2014). Sea-level variability over five glacial cycles. Nature Communications 5, 5076. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6076

Rohling, E.J, Foster, G.L., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Roberts, A.P., Tamisiea, M., Williams, F. (2014). Sea-level and deep-sea temperature variability over the past 5.3 million years. Nature 508, 477-482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13230


Rohling, E.J, Haigh, I.D., Foster, G.L., Roberts, A.P., and Grant, K.M. (2013). A geological perspective on potential future sea-level rise. Scientific Reports 3, 346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep0346

Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Roberts, A.P., and Larrasoana, J.C. (2013). Palaeoclimate variability in the Mediterranean and Red Sea regions during the last 500,000 years; implications for hominin migrations. Current Anthropology 54 (The Wenner Gren symposium June 2012), S183-S201. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/673882


Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Satow, C., Roberts, A.P. (2012). Rapid coupling between ice volume and polar temperature over the past 150 kyr. Nature491, 744-747. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11593

RESET team and co-investigators (Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cullen, V.L., Davies, W., Gamble, C., Grant, K., Hardiman, M., Housley, R., Lane, C.S., Lee, S., Lewis, M., .MacLeod, A., Menzies, M.A., Müller, W., Pollard, M., Price, C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Satow, C., Smith, V.C., Stringer, C., Tomlinson, E.L., White, D., Albert, P.G., Arienzo, I., Barker, G., Borić, D., Carandente, A., Civetta, L., Ferrier, C., Gaudelli, J.L., Karkanas, P., Koumouzelis, M., Müller, U.C., Orsi, G., Pross, J., Rosi, M., Shalamanov-Korobar, L., Sirakov, N., Tzedakis, P.C.). (2012). Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, 13532–13537. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1204579109 


Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Larrasoana, J.C., Liu, Q. (2011). Atmospheric dust variability from Arabia and China over the last 500,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 3537-3541. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.007

Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M.T.J., Schouten, S., Baranowski, U., Kucera, M. (2011). Sensitivity of Red Sea circulation to sea level and insolation forcing during the last interglacial. Climate of the Past 7, 941-955. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/cp-7-941-2011


Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M., Schouten, S., Hemleben, Ch., Kucera, M. (2010). Millennial scale variability in Red Sea circulation in response to Holocene insolation forcing. Paleoceanography 25, PA3203, 17pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009PA001826

Rohling, E.J., Braun, K., Grant, K., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., Trommer, G. (2010). Comparison between Holocene and Marine Isotope Stage-11 sea-level histories. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 291, 97-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.12.054 


Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Bolshaw, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., Hemleben, Ch., Kucera, M. (2009). Antarctic temperature and global sea level closely coupled over the past five glacial cycles. Nature Geoscience 2, 500-504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo557


Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, C., Siddall, M., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Bolshaw, M., Kucera, M. (2008). High rates of sea-level rise during the last interglacial period. Nature Geoscience 1, 38-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo.2007.28 

Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, C., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Schmeltzer, I., Schulz, H., Siccha, M., Siddall, M., Trommer, G. (2008). New constraints on the timing and amplitude of sea level fluctuations during early to middle Marine Isotope Stage 3. Paleoceanography 23, PA3219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008PA001617 


Grant, K.M. and Dickens, G.R. (2002). Coupled productivity and carbon isotope records in the southwest Pacific Ocean during the late Miocene–early Pliocene biogenic bloom. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 187, (1-2), 61-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-0182(02)00508-4

Updated:  25 August 2021/Responsible Officer:  College of Science/Page Contact:  https://iceds.anu.edu.au/contact